Americans hoping to travel to other countries during the pandemic face an array of challenges, including closed borders, quarantine and testing regulations, and possible Covid-19 exposure during transit.
After issuing a “Do Not Travel” warning for four months, the U.S. State Department revoked it in early August, saying it was returning to country-specific advisories so that Americans could make informed travel decisions. People can find the advisories on the department’s website, where countries are ranked on a four-tier system. Or they can go to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention site, which uses three levels to give coronavirus information for travelers.
Like all public interactions in these unprecedented times, air travel itself carries certain risks for contracting Covid-19. About 1,800 Transportation Security Administration employees had tested positive for the virus by early September, and seven workers had died from it. Infected agents may have had direct contact with the public at more than a dozen U.S. airports the last week of August, according to the T.S.A., which posts a list of the affected airports on its website.
When returning to the United States, passengers from some countries are only allowed to land at certain airports where they will undergo enhanced screening. In addition, the C.D.C. advises Americans to avoid contact with others for 14 days after they return from international destinations.
While Americans continue to be barred from many countries, including much of Europe, here is a list of countries, in alphabetical order, that as of Sept. 2 were open to U.S. citizens, or were expected to open soon.
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Americans are allowed to enter. No coronavirus test is needed and there are no quarantine requirements, according to the U.S. Embassy in Albania.
Anguilla is allowing limited entry to some travelers after extensive screening, but since the United States is generally considered a high-risk country, Americans will be far down in the queue. In addition to favoring those from lower-risk countries, priority will be given to visitors planning longer stays and to those with investments in the country. For now, people may apply to enter until Oct. 31. A new round of applications will begin at the end of September.
All visitors must have a negative PCR test taken three to five days before arrival. Another test will be given on arrival, on day 10 and — for those coming from higher-risk countries — on day 14. While not a full quarantine, visitors will have limited contact with locals during the testing period. Fees for the application start at $1,000 for two people and go up from there.
Air travelers over age 12 must complete a Health Declaration Form, a traveler accommodation form, and must provide a certificate of a negative coronavirus test taken within seven days of arrival. There may be further screening on arrival, and passengers must pay $100 for an additional test if health authorities decide one is needed. Visitors should self-monitor for Covid-19 symptoms for up to 14 days.
Passengers arriving by sea are subject to quarantine, usually for 14 days unless a negative test result is obtained.
Residents from nearly half of the states are considered to be at higher risk of Covid-19, and must upload proof of a negative PCR test taken between 12 and 72 hours before flying or they won’t be allowed to board their flight. Residents of the other states have the option of uploading a test or having one taken at the airport for $75. Travelers must quarantine at their lodging for up to 24 hours while awaiting results. All visitors must complete an Embarkation/Disembarkation card.
Island guests must also purchase mandatory Aruba Visitors Insurance to cover up to $75,000 in expenses should they test positive for Covid-19 during their stay. According to an online calculator, the premium for most visitors over age 15 who are staying for a week would be just over $100, and about $10 for those under 15.
All visitors must complete an online immigration and customs form within 24 hours of travel, and it is recommended that travelers have proof of a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival. Those arriving from high-risk countries such as the United States who don’t have a previous test result will be given one at the airport, and will be required to remain quarantined at the airport or a government-approved facility pending the results.
Even with a negative test, Americans must still quarantine for 14 days. That may be shortened to seven days if a second test taken five to seven days after arrival is negative.
In-transit passengers must have proof of a negative coronavirus test before landing.
Americans are allowed to enter. No coronavirus test is needed and there are no quarantine requirements, according to the U.S. Embassy in Belarus.
Bermuda requires most travelers to provide proof of a negative coronavirus test taken within three days of their flight (although tests taken within five days will be accepted). In addition, mandatory Covid-19 tests are given at the airport, and travelers must quarantine while awaiting the results. Additional tests are given on days three, seven and 14 of a traveler’s stay. A $75 fee covers their cost. Children age 9 and younger don’t have to take virus tests, but pay a $30 fee.
All travelers must complete an online travel authorization form within 48 hours of their flight, then take and record their temperature with their own thermometer twice a day for the first 14 days of their visit and report it online.
Brazil is allowing people to arrive by air for visits of up to 90 days as long as they can show proof of health insurance that includes coronavirus coverage before boarding their flights.
Costa Rica is allowing entry to residents of Connecticut, Maine, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Vermont, Virginia and Washington, D.C., with a negative test taken within 72 hours of arrival. Plans call for visitors from Colorado, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania to be admitted as of Sept. 15, according to the country’s tourism board. A driver’s license is required to prove residency. Passengers on private flights will be allowed on a case-by-case basis. Visitors are required to have proof of medical insurance that covers up to $50,000 in coronavirus expenses, and $2,000 in hotel costs.
American tourists may visit only with proof of paid accommodation. Travelers must present a negative result for a Covid-19 PCR test taken within the previous 48 hours. If they have an older test result, the person can enter, but must self-quarantine until they can show another negative test, which would be taken at their own expense. Those without negative results must self-quarantine for 14 days.
Travelers from the United States are allowed to enter with a negative Covid-19 test. A 14-day quarantine is required, and the government may request additional virus tests.
Travelers need to fill out an online health questionnaire and must show proof of a negative PCR test result taken 24 to 72 hours before arrival.
Additional screening at the airport may mean that some travelers are required to take another test, and need to quarantine at their hotel while awaiting the results.
Until Sept. 15, all passengers over age 5 must show proof of a negative PCR test result taken within the previous five days. Those arriving without documentation will be given a free blood test that yields a quick result. After Sept. 15, authorities will randomly administer a quick breath test to between 3 and 10 percent of arriving passengers. Also, as of that date and continuing until the end of the year, the country will begin providing free emergency travel assistance to visitors staying at hotels that will cover Covid-19 testing, lodging and flight change penalties in the event of an infection.
Americans are allowed to enter with proof of a negative Covid-19 test taken no more than 10 days before entry. Travelers without the test may take one at their own expense upon arrival. They must quarantine at their accommodation pending a negative test result, according to the U.S. Embassy in Ecuador.
Americans over age 6 are allowed to enter with written proof of a negative Covid-19 test taken within 72 hours of arrival. Tourists traveling to the Red Sea, South Sinai and Matrouh are exempt, but will not be allowed to travel to other areas without a negative test result. Proof of health insurance is required, according to the U.S. Embassy in Egypt.
U.S. citizens arriving with proof of a negative Covid-19 test taken within 72 hours of arrival must self-quarantine for 14 days. Those arriving without a negative test must quarantine for seven days at a government-designated facility at their own expense, and then for an additional seven days at government-approved lodgings. Additional requirements may be in place for some cities.
St. Barts requires visitors age 11 and older to show a negative test taken within 72 hours of arrival. Those staying longer than a week must take an additional test at their own expense on the eighth day of their trips. Those who didn’t take the pre-arrival test, or those who test positive on the island, must self-quarantine for 14 days or until they get a negative retest. Guadeloupe, Martinique and French St. Martin are currently not allowing visitors from the United States.
Travelers to French Polynesia, including the islands of Tahiti and Bora Bora, must show proof of a negative Covid-19 test taken within the previous 72 hours in order to board their flights. Those arriving at the airport will be given a test kit for the virus that contains an oral and nasal swab, and on the fourth day in the islands, the visitor must complete the self-test. Tourists must also complete an electronic entry form attesting that they have travel insurance that would cover coronavirus expenses, or agreeing to personally assume all costs.
For now, only chartered flights are allowed from the United States, and the passengers who arrive must quarantine for up to two weeks.
Proof of a negative virus test taken within seven days of visiting is required before entering the country, and visitors need to take another test at the airport or within 48 hours of landing. Travelers must also download and adhere to the requirements outlined on a Covid-19 tracing app, or face a possible $1,000 fine and up to a year in prison.
U.S. citizens can enter with proof of a negative Covid-19 test. Those arriving from a country with confirmed coronavirus cases may be required to quarantine. Curfews are in effect.
Authorities are asking nonessential travelers not to visit the Republic of Ireland, but those who do are asked to self-quarantine for 14 days.
Tourists age 12 and older arriving from the United States must upload a negative Covid-19 test that was taken at an accredited facility within 10 days of their arrival date. All passengers must complete a Travel Authorization screening form that should be submitted for approval between two and five days before travel.
Arriving passengers may be required to take a test. If so, the individual must quarantine at their accommodation or at a government facility until the results are available, generally within 48 hours. Those who aren’t staying within the “resilient corridor,” where operators have been trained in Covid-19 protocols, will be electronically monitored during this time.
If the test is negative, people staying at a hotel or resort within the corridor must stay on the property unless they are visiting select attractions within the corridor via approved transportation providers. Those not staying in the corridor must quarantine for 14 days from the date they entered Jamaica, leaving only once per day to get necessities.
Asymptomatic visitors to Kenya from the United States who have proof of a negative Covid-19 test within the previous four days do not need to quarantine for 14 days unless they are from California, Florida or Texas.
Americans are allowed to enter without restrictions, however, the State Department has the country under its highest alert.
“We urge you to postpone or cancel travel to Kosovo this summer. Kosovo remains under a Level 4 Health Advisory – Do Not Travel due to Covid-19. The health situation is deteriorating, and public institutions are struggling to keep up with demand,” the U.S. Embassy in Kosovo says on its website.
Visitors must have a confirmed booking at a tourist facility and the entire vacation needs to be at the same hotel, except when transiting.
Screenings will be done at the airport and those with symptoms, or those traveling with someone with symptoms, must pay for and get a coronavirus test. The government may also conduct random screenings at its own expense. Tourists requiring testing at the airport will stay in a transit facility until their results are available.
Visitors must be met by a representative of tourist facility, and airport transportation must be prebooked.
The United States is not on the list of green countries for travel to Malta, however, anyone can enter the country if they first spend 14 days in an approved country. That means that American can travel to Croatia or the United Arab Emirates, for instance, and after spending 14 days there, travel to Malta.
Land crossings between the United States and Mexico remain closed until at least until at least Sept. 21, but U.S. visitors can arrive by plane. Tourists may be subject to temperature checks and other health screenings, and those showing symptoms may be asked to quarantine voluntarily.
Many Mexican states are open only for essential services, while others are allowed to operate at reduced capacity. However, some local authorities have also imposed their own restrictions, so would-be travelers should check with local sources for the latest updates.
American citizens might be blocked from returning to the United States under a proposal being considered by President Trump that would allow border officials to temporarily refuse entry to a U.S. citizen or legal permanent resident if the employee suspects the traveler might have Covid-19.
Americans must have a completed travel registration and proof of a negative test taken within the past seven days. They also need confirmed reservations at a coronavirus-certified accommodation provider.
Screenings will be conducted at the airport. Those without symptoms must take a certified taxi to their accommodations, and are required to remain on the grounds during their stay except to participate in water-based excursions arranged by the hotel.
Those over age 10 arriving from the United States must have a completed health declaration form and have proof of a negative test taken within 72 hours of travel.
Travelers are asked to bring a thermometer, mask and hand sanitizer, and Americans must upload daily information about their body temperature and any flulike symptoms for 14 days. Travel insurance is required and it’s recommended that it include coverage for coronavirus-related expenses.
Visitors from the United States must have a pre-arrival travel form completed and show a negative test for the virus taken within the previous seven days. Another test will be given upon arrival.
Travelers also must have proof of five nights of paid accommodation at an approved hotel, and must quarantine there for five days, then receive another virus test before being allowed to leave the hotel. At the discretion of health officials, visitors may be required to quarantine for a total of 14 to 21 days at a facility or a home.
All travelers must monitor their temperature for two weeks and report any changes to health authorities.
In-transit passengers must have proof a negative test taken five days before travel and must stay at the airport or at a government approved hotel while awaiting their connection.
Serbia is open to Americans with no testing or quarantine restrictions.
Passengers arriving on an international flight to Tanzania must complete a Health Surveillance Form and undergo screening, including a possible Covid-19 test.
The country is open to Americans with no travel restrictions. Health screening and possible testing may be conducted at the airport.
The Turks and Caicos Islands is requiring a negative test result taken within five days of travel for anyone over age 10. Visitors also must have insurance that covers any Covid-19 related medical costs. A Travel Authorization Form that will ask health questions must be completed by all passengers before boarding a plane to the islands.
Because of the high rate of coronavirus infection in the United States, Americans are no longer permitted to enter Ukraine.
Travelers over age 12 must have proof of a negative PCR test taken within 96 hours of their flight in order to board a commercial aircraft to the country. Many passengers are also tested upon arrival, and some may need to self quarantine or may be sent to a quarantine facility. International health insurance is also required.
Tourist visas are not currently being issued by the Abu Dhabi authorities at the Abu Dhabi airport. Visitors can travel to Abu Dhabi by road, but must present either a negative Covid-19 PCR test taken in the previous 48 hours, or results of a test taken within the previous six days along with a negative blood test that was done in the previous 48 hours.
Anyone arriving from the United States must be prepared to isolate for 14 days, or face a penalty of up to $1,250. Passengers transiting in an airport are exempt, as are those going directly from one port to another; for instance, from Heathrow to Eurostar.